HA3001 Assessment Instructions
Photo Credit: JGI/Tom Gril/Blend Images/Getty Images
Review the details of your assessment including the rubric. You will have the ability to submit the assessment once you submit your required pre-assessments and engage with your Faculty Subject Matter Expert (SME) in a substantive way about the competency.
For this Performance Task Assessment, you will create a series of posts for your internal social media account dealing with health assessment.
Submission Length: Four social media posts (no more than 280 words each)
To complete this Assessment, do the following:
Be sure to adhere to the indicated assignment length.
Download the HA3001 Assessment Template.
Before submitting your Assessment, carefully review the rubric. This is the same rubric the SME will use to evaluate your submission and it provides detailed criteria describing how to achieve or master the Competency. Many students find that understanding the requirements of the Assessment and the rubric criteria help them direct their focus and use their time most productively.
All submissions must follow the conventions of scholarly writing. Properly formatted APA citations and references must be provided where appropriate. Submissions that do not meet these expectations will be returned without scoring.
This Assessment requires submission of one file, a completed assessment template. Save your template as HA3001_firstinitial_lastname (for example, HA3001_J_Smith).
When you are ready to upload your completed Assessment, use the Assessment tab on the top navigation menu.
Important Note: As a student taking this Competency, you agree that you may be required to submit your Assessment for textual similarity review to Turnitin.com for the detection of plagiarism. All submitted Assessment materials will be included as source documents in the Turnitin.com reference database solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such materials. Use of the Turnitin.com service is subject to the Usage Policy posted on the Turnitin.com site.
HEALTH HISTORY AND COMPREHENSIVE PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
As a nurse leader, you have been tasked with assisting in updating the internal social media page for your facility. As part of the “Health History and Comprehensive Physical Assessment” series that you are working on, you need to create 4 separate posts dealing with varying topics surrounding histories and assessments. Each post needs to be 280 words or less, so clear and succinct writing is key. The posts should be designed to educate, inspire, and motivate.
Post 1: Explain how comprehensively collecting health history information helps to identify potential health risks for the patient.
Post 2: In your own words, explain the difference between public health and population health. Explain the relationship between population health and cultural sensitivity.
Post 3: Consider the cultures that are represented in your area or in the area where you intend to work. Select one culture to focus on and explain at least two ways that you can ensure that you are culturally sensitive when performing a health history and physical assessment.
Post 4: Explain the role of genetics/genomics in performing a comprehensive health history and physical assessment.
Submit the posts together in the Assessment Template.
Social Media Post 1:
Collecting the comprehensive health history of a patient is essential in identifying the potential health risks of a patient. The assessment prevents the risk of neglecting health issues that can undermine the health of a patient. For instance, a complete blood count or test is carried out to examine the causes of infection or rule out a possible diagnosis. Comprehensive assessment reduces the risk of neglecting cognitive impairment (Ingram, 2017). Understanding the medical history will provide insight into the behavior of patients. For instance, a patient with cognitive impairment may show signs of poor communication both verbal and non-verbal.
A comprehensive assessment helps a practitioner to differentiate between normal and abnormal conditions. The health history will show their past and current behavior (Ingram, 2017). The information determines the need for additional or specialized treatment. Practitioners should carry out comprehensive assessments to collect all the information they need about the health of a patient. It helps identify the possible causes of symptoms. For instance, mental health patients can experience mood swings or panic attacks due to a traumatic event. Carrying out a comprehensive assessment will reduce the risk of wrong diagnosis or medication (Aronoff-Spencer et al., 2020). In some cases, patients with mental conditions will require a brain scan or blood tests to rule out possible causes of the mental problem.
The health history of a patient helps determine the pattern of changes and their severity. The information will predict if a patient is suffering from a severe, recurrent, or mild health condition. If the condition is severe, it shows the patient requires urgent help and appropriate medication (Aronoff-Spencer et al., 2020). The health history will show the need for referring a patient to a counselor, psychiatrist, or laboratory for additional tests. The information will determine the dosage and next clinic for further review of the patient’s condition.
Social Media Post 2:
Public health is the art and science of preventing diseases, prolonging life, and promoting life through organized efforts of society. Public health involves community education, policies, and research to improve the health of communities (Lantz, 2019). On the other hand, population health refers to the health outcomes of a group of individuals including the distribution of health outcomes in a group. Population health consists of the distribution of health conditions in a group (Kruse et al., 2018). The population may be defined by the location including city, state, or country. Healthcare workers use population health to explain some health disparities such as income, level of education, or ratio of medical practitioners to a given population. Public health involves hygiene and government regulations to avert negative health outcomes. For instance, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the government has put measures such as wearing masks to prevent the spread of the virus.
The interventions that governments or healthcare workers will take to address a health crisis should be considerate of cultural sensitivity. Cultural sensitivity involves the beliefs, attitudes, and feelings of various groups. For instance, religious groups may vary in their beliefs about the treatment of a disease or lifestyles (Kruse et al., 2018). Treatment of anemic patients using blood transfusion may ignite a controversy among patients who believe blood is life and should not be shared. Healthcare should be culturally sensitive to the beliefs and attitudes of their patients. Cultural sensitivity is an ethical issue that involves providing patient-centered care. In case a controversy arises, patient education is important to ensure appropriate health procedures are carried out to preserve the life of a patient (Lantz, 2019). Healthcare workers should avoid assumptions since they can undermine trust with patients. Building trust and rapport will create a healthy relationship with patients from diverse backgrounds.
Social Media Post 3:
One of the cultures represented in my area is Jews. I have several assumptions about the Jewish community. I have heard they will strive to worship on specific days and hours irrespective of the medical appointments or procedures. Learning about their beliefs is effective in demystifying the myths about the religious or cultural group (Gol & Erkin, 2019).
One of the efforts is to learn about the beliefs. Learning about the beliefs will eliminate assumptions. Assumptions can undermine the quality of care. Patients appreciate when practitioners are informed about their beliefs. For instance, a lack of information about health procedures and beliefs can undermine the trust of patients (Sharifi et al., 2019). Learning about the culture involves asking questions and visiting qualified professionals for more information. The mentorship will provide a history of the traditions and how to blend conventional medical practices with religious or cultural beliefs. The knowledge should be evidence-based to avoid mistakes that can undermine trust.
The second step is appreciating their cultural traditions such as the need to pray at certain times in the ward. I should avoid viewing my culture as superior compared to others. Appreciating and celebrating cultural diversity will improve relationships with patients. Discriminating other cultures can affect my view of the patients. Discrimination can affect the quality of communication in the healthcare practice. Practicing in an area with Jews, it is crucial to have a wide knowledge about the cultural diferences (Sharifi et al., 2019). The knowledge involves in-depth information about the religious traditions. Celebrating cultural diversity The methods will prevent cultural barriers that can undermine the collection of medical history or diagnosis.
Learning about the beliefs of other cultures in the healthcare practice will enhance a rapport with patients. When patients realize that a nurse appreciates their beliefs, they will be satisfied and feel safe. It is unlike discrimination that creates barriers. Overcoming the cultural bias will enhance the access to healthcare services for the minority group such as Jews (Sharifi et al., 2019).
Social Media Post 4:
Genetics or genomes are vital in performing comprehensive health history or physical assessment. Genetics increases the risk of some disorders in families (Rai et al., 2021). For instance, a patient with a parent or relative with cancer or diabetes is likely to be diagnosed with a similar disease. Genetics helps a physician or nurse to explain the diagnosis and trace the causes. Some of the common disorders that run in families include blood pressure, heart conditions, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancers (Rai et al., 2021). Healthcare workers can evaluate the contributing factors such as genetics, environmental, and lifestyle issues. Comprehensive assessment involves identifying the risk factors depending on the predisposing factors such as genetic material (Rai et al., 2021). Healthcare workers use the information to analyze the condition of a patient and predict the diagnosis. The health history informs the need for specific and targeted medical tests.
Genetic information about the risks of birth defects or the risk of illnesses will inform the physical and diagnostic tests a nurse will carry out. For instance, the tests will be used to rule out the possible diagnosis. Healthcare workers should collect comprehensive information about the health of a patient (Maiese et al., 2019). The medical history will inform the additional tests or physical assessment required to determine the diagnosis or rule out possible conditions. Nurses should ask about the health of patients, their relatives, and past diagnosis or hospitalization. The information will be essential in making accurate decisions about the health of patients (Maiese et al., 2019). Failure to collect accurate and comprehensive data about a patient will increase the risk of misdiagnosis or failed diagnosis. Collecting the information requires a detailed approach with appropriate questions. The questions about the health of family members should be sensitive to allow a patient to provide detailed information.
Aronoff-Spencer, E., Asgari, P., Finlayson, T. L., Gavin, J., Forstey, M., Norman, G. J., … & Agha, Z. (2020). A comprehensive assessment for community-based, person-centered care for older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 20, 1-12.
Gol, İ., & Erkin, Ö. (2019). Association between cultural intelligence and cultural sensitivity in nursing students: A cross-sectional descriptive study. Collegian, 26(4), 485-491.
Ingram, S. (2017). Taking a comprehensive health history: learning through practice and reflection. British Journal of Nursing, 26(18), 1033-1037.
Kruse, C. S., Stein, A., Thomas, H., & Kaur, H. (2018). The use of electronic health records to support population health: a systematic review of the literature. Journal of Medical Systems, 42(11), 1-16.
Lantz, P. M. (2019). The medicalization of population health: who will stay upstream?. The Milbank Quarterly, 97(1), 36.
Maiese, D. R., Keehn, A., Lyon, M., Flannery, D., & Watson, M. (2019). Current conditions in medical genetics practice. Genetics in Medicine, 21(8), 1874-1877.
Rai, S., Kumar, G., Suresan, V., Sethi, A. K., & Bhushan, V. (2021). Genetics in public health. Journal of Primary Care Dentistry and Oral Health, 2(1), 1.
Sharifi, N., Adib-Hajbaghery, M., & Najafi, M. (2019). Cultural competence in nursing: A concept analysis. International journal of nursing studies, 99, 103386.