Kidney stones is a condition that occurs when wastes clump together in the kidneys. Kidney stones occur among people who do not drink sufficient water, people who are obese, a diet with high protein or salt, and polycystic kidney disease (Uribarri, 2020). The condition affects more men than women.
Jeremy can prevent the condition by limiting the risk factors such as taking sufficient water, cutting off excess weight, avoid foods with high protein, salt, and sugar (Ferraro et al., 2017). Other ways of preventing the reoccurrence of the disease include avoiding medications such as calcium-based anti-acid and drugs to treat depression.
The lifestyle interventions that Jeremy can institute include changing his diet, regular exercise, and avoid dietary supplements. Changing the diet will include avoiding junk food which can increase the risk of obesity (Ferraro et al., 2017). The diet should comprise little salt, sugar, and protein since the waste can accumulate in the kidneys. He should avoid foods with high amounts of salt including bacon, sausage, and ham (Uribarri, 2020). Regular exercise will help Jeremy to keep fit and avoid excess weight.
The patient needs to know that kidney stones can occur due to diverse causes. The disease can occur due to genetic factors or lifestyle (Uribarri, 2020). Jeremy should take the steps to prevent the reoccurrence of the disease. In case of reoccurrence, the patient should be hopeful since the disease is treatable with pain medication, lithotripsy treatment, or fluid therapy (Chen et al., 2019).
Jeremy can find additional information about kidney stones on the American Kidney Fund website. Other platforms include the Center for Disease Control, and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (Chen et al., 2019). The resources can help him prevent future reoccurrence, learn about lifestyle changes, risk factors, and treatment.
Chen, Z., Prosperi, M., & Bird, V. Y. (2019). Prevalence of kidney stones in the USA: the National Health and Nutrition Evaluation Survey. Journal of Clinical Urology, 12(4), 296-302.
Ferraro, P. M., Taylor, E. N., Gambaro, G., & Curhan, G. C. (2017). Dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with incident kidney stones in men and women. The Journal of Urology, 198(4), 858-863.
Uribarri, J. (2020). Chronic kidney disease and kidney stones. Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, 29(2), 237-242.